What is Exercise Physiology
Physiology is the scientific study of the body and how it works, including all of the mechanical, physical and chemical processes that take place. Exercise physiology utilises this knowledge to prescribe effective exercise programs for rehabilitation and relief from pain and discomfort as well as to treat many chronic health conditions.
Accredited Exercise Physiologists are university qualified health professionals who are affiliated with or backed by Exercise and Sport Science Australia (ESSA). Exercise Physiologists are often referred to by doctors to help treat injuries, illness or conditions they have diagnosed.
What is Exercise Physiology?
Exercise physiology is a discipline that addresses the short-term responses to physical stress and the adaptability of the body in relation to repeated exposure to physical activity over time.
Therefore, our professionals in exercise physiology have the responsibility to ensure fitness and health to the patient; at the same time have an awareness of safety issues associated with each type of physical activity. Some of these issues include the risk of injury, environmental exposure, and prior illness.
There are exercise physiology treatments for teens but the type of patient will vary greatly ranging from patients with common conditions such as depression and diabetes, rehabilitation of people recovering from injuries, operation, or other illness to patients wishing to regain and improve their healthy body functions.
Physiologist or Physiotherapist – What is the difference?
Physiology is sometimes confused with physiotherapy and although a physiologist may offer many of the same services there are differences.
Along with treatments for muscle and joint rehabilitation, physiologists can also provide treatment for diseases and conditions not traditionally treated by a physiotherapist.
Exercise Physiology Can Help with Treatment and Management of:
Common chronic diseases are among the leading causes of death in Australia and many other parts of the world. These conditions are primarily a result of physical inactivity. These chronic diseases include conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, depression, arthritis, obesity, and osteoporosis. Regular exercise can help in symptom management and improvement of health. Regular activities such as aerobics can assist insulin in the body to effectively lower blood sugar level thereby managing diabetes. Physical activity is of importance in controlling weight through weight loss and a boost of energy.
In treatment and management of arthritis, exercises can help in the reduction of pain, as well as maintain the strength of the muscle in the affected joints, and reduction of joint stiffness. When you have depression, exercise may sound like the last thing you can think of doing… However, exercise can make a great difference, as it helps ease the symptoms of anxiety, improve your mood, gain confidence, take your mind away from worries and have social interactions. High blood pressure is another condition that can be managed by regular exercise. Physical activity helps in making the heart stronger, therefore, creating the ability to pump more blood with less effort. Regular exercise also helps prevent the rise of blood pleasure as you become older and maintain a healthy standard weight which is another way of controlling blood pressure.
Rehabilitation is the overall process of working to reduce pain or regain functionality after having an injury, illness or operation. Rehabilitation exercises are very crucial in recovery, as they help restore range of motion, strength, and endurance. The primary goal of physiological exercise is to regain the level of activity and strength of a person. They also play a role in preventing future injuries. It is important to seek professional help for rehabilitation to ensure complete recovery. A professional exercise physiologist will have full knowledge of fundamental principles of rehabilitation and how the affected joints or muscles should function. This understanding helps to structure an effective rehab plan.
Some of the rehab exercises include gentle stretching which is a common initial exercise that patients are advised to partake in after an injury. Stretching ensures the increase of flexibility and range of motion. It reduces pain and restores movement to people who have suffered injuries in the knee, shoulder, neck, ankle, wrist and the hip. Physical activity is also helpful in the building of strength in muscles and tendons of the legs, torso, and arms. The most challenging exercises are recommended by the exercise physiologist after the patient has shown progress in gentle exercises. The incorporation of simple equipment to aid in exercises is also a consideration. These include tools like latex bands, which aid resistance to the patient’s movements to help increase strength. Walking is another part of many rehabilitation plans, where patients enhance their speed and distance of walking as they progress in the recovery process.
Physical exercises are very crucial in regaining and maintaining healthy body functions. Most neuromuscular diseases are incurable. However, an effective rehabilitation program can help in the maintenance of the quality of life of a patient while maximizing their physical and psychosocial functions. Strengthening exercises and modalities such as range of motion can help improve the musculoskeletal conditions of a patient and also reduce the effects of pulmonary and cardiac diseases. Physical activity is important in maintaining a healthy weight, which is the necessary factor in avoiding and treating pulmonary and cardiac conditions. Physical exercises aid in easier movement of blood in the arteries and quick pumping of the heart. It also helps burn excess energy and prevents accumulation of cholesterol in the blood vessels.
Exercise physiology is a necessary discipline to help achieve healthy living conditions by maintaining proper functioning of all body parts and continue processing and improving existing health conditions. Talking with our qualified exercise physiologists at Live Well Rehab will give you a chance to benefit from their knowledge and guide you towards the appropriate exercise for your condition. Exercises will often differ with from patient to patient, as their conditions are not always similar. It is important to have reliable information as to the proper exercise for you, from professionals.
The health value of Exercise Physiology is recognised by major health funds and rebates may be available for your service. Please check with your health fund for more details.